On 14 February 2019, after Emirates reduced its last orders in favour of the A350 and the A330neo, Airbus announced that A380 production would end by 2021.. These are switched, full-duplex, star-topology and based on 100baseTX fast-Ethernet.  As it started receiving its six A350s to replace its A380s in December 2017, the new subsidiary will serve the Hajj and Umrah market with them, starting in the third quarter of 2018 and could be expanded above six beyond 2020 to 2022. The real backlog is much smaller than the official 107 with 47 uncertain orders: 20 commitments for the A380-specialized lessor Amedeo which commits to production only once aircraft are placed, eight for Qantas which wants to keep its fleet at 12, six for Virgin Atlantic which does not want them any more and three ex Transaero for finance vehicle Air Accord. ", One reason that the A380 did not achieve commercial viability for Airbus has been attributed to its extremely large capacity being optimised for a hub-and-spoke system, which was projected by Airbus to be thriving when the programme was conceived. Runways, runway shoulders and taxiway shoulders may be required to be stabilised to reduce the likelihood of foreign object damage caused to (or by) the outboard engines, which are more than 25 m (82 ft) from the centre line of the aircraft, compared to 21 m (69 ft) for the 747-400, and 747-8. Nine aircraft remain to be delivered (eight for Emirates, one for All Nippon Airways) and production operations continue to finish those aircraft..  The APU primarily provides air to power the Analysis Ground Station (AGS) on the ground and to start the engines. The two aircraft have returned 3.8–4.2% per year since 2008 but the 145–155% return is lower than the 220% originally forecast. , De assemblage van het toestel gebeurt in Toulouse, in Frankrijk, maar de productie wordt door tegenvallende verkopen in 2021 gestaakt.  Runway lighting and signage may need changes to provide clearance to the wings and avoid blast damage from the engines. , At its 100th delivery ceremony, Emirates Airline head Ahmed bin Saeed Al Maktoum was hoping to order new A380s at the November 2017 Dubai Air Show the following week. The problem is considered to be minor and is not expected to affect operations.  Airbus suspended work on the freighter version, but said it remained on offer, albeit without a service entry date. However, the $445 million price tag of each aircraft was not sufficient to even cover the production cost, so with Airbus losing money on each A380, and orders evaporating, it made economic sense to shut down production. 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