One part of the chemical bait for three parts of water Protein baits are another important non-chemical method of fruit fly management widely used worldwide. Section 3 discusses various methods for control and management, including cover-spraying, fruit bagging, cultural controls, protein bait spraying, male annihilation and the sterile insect technique. T he bait of choice is GF-120 due to its high efficacy as a fruit fly bait, and its very favourable ecological profile. It is registered for application by ground or air. This protein bait is specific to the fruit fly, it only attracts and kill these flies. Before planting: Consider growing crops in the cooler months when fruit fly populations are at their lowest. Bait comparison studies showed that the novel product was comparable and in some cases superior to imported protein bait products in fruit fly attraction. The bait spray residue on the foliage is ingested by the flies … We have made all the necessary research for you and below are some commercial fruit fly baits and traps that users greatly recommend. "The female lays the eggs in the fruit and the maggots develop in the fruit, so we need to catch the female fruit fly." Spotted-winged drosophila (Drosophila suzukii) is a major pest of fruit and berries that arrived in the United States in 2008.Researchers in China point to spent brewer’s yeast as the source for a promising protein bait for monitoring and managing the pest. (a) Firstly, the pilot protein-bait production facility will serve for producing the protein bait for use in fruit fly suppression in Kenya and other African countries where the BMZ mango IPM activities are being implemented and for demonstration to potential private sector entrepreneurs, government representatives, and interested farmers. Incorporate alternative fruit fly controls into apple and blueberry IPM programs. 1961; Roessler 1989; Vargas et al. the control of both female and male fruit flies. MAT cups are designed to be used in addition to Fruit Fly Lure protein bait sprays and Fruit Fly Traps as part of a systems approach to improved fruit fly management. NuLure is an acid hydrolysate of corn and has an acidic pH. There was no significant response to bait aged for 4 d. Several species of Anastrepha and Bactrocera fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) are captured in traps baited with the protein bait NuLure combined with borax (sodium tetraborate decahydrate) in an aqueous solution, typically 9% NuLure (vol:vol) with 3% borax (wt:vol). Perimeter‐baiting of non‐crop vegetation using toxic protein baits was developed overseas as a technique for control of melon fly, Zeugodacus (Zeugodacus) cucurbitae (Coquillett) (formerly Bactrocera (Zeugodacus) cucurbitae), and evidence suggests that this technique may also be effective in Australia for control of local fruit fly species in vegetable crops. The protein bait is prepared from beer yeast hydrolysate, ammonium acetate, brown sugar and orange juice. The female flies need a protein feed before they lay eggs in fruit, so it's important to place the protein-based Cera Traps near to where the females rest. It acts as a food attractant and its effectiveness relies on the fact that immature females need a protein meal for developing mature eggs. It has proven to be an excellent attractant for local species of fruit flies. Bateman and Morton (1981), however, found that addition of borax to acid hydrolysates increased bait pH and attraction of the Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt). Fruit Fly Lure is an autolysed protein highly attractive to Queensland and Mediterranean fruit flies. Bait sprays consist of a protein laced with small amounts of toxin to kill the adult fruit fly. eugenol and Cuelure), protein baits, fruit fly damage and crop losses, and the host fruit preferences of the main fruit flies involved in the project. The effects of protein bait sprays using GF-120 NF Naturalyte Fruit Fly Bait against C. capitata were reported by Peck and McQuate (2000a) and also against B. dorsalis by Piñero et al. For decades, management of pestiferous fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in various areas of the world relied heavily upon the application of protein baits mixed with highly toxic organophosphate insecticides such as malathion (Steiner et al. It is applied using a jet stream nozzle aimed at the trunk or foliage of the tree on every second row. In Kenya, a solution to counter the menace of fruit flies rampant among small holder farmers is now available. The relationship between pH of the acid hydrolysates and catch of fruit flies has been largely unexplored. Introduction. The fruit falls to the ground, and the fly larvae crawl out of the fruit and into the ground to pupate. Females require protein to mature their eggs and to maintain egg production throughout their lifetime. Protein baits (for example GF-120) attract and poison feeding male and female fruit flies and are a very important tactic in the fruit fly control. Spinosad, derived from naturally occurring bacteria, effectively controls common fruit fly. In separate choice attraction assays for each species, significantly more flies arrived at stations with bait than water, but no differences existed among baits of GF-120 Fruit Fly Bait, GF-120 NF Naturalyte Fruit Fly Bait, Provesta 621 autolyzed yeast extract, and Mazoferm E802. Harwood et al. Application of novel bait reduced fruit fly infestation from 100% to less than 5% in guava and from nearly 100% to less than 20% in mangoes. Figure 3. Hym-Lure Protein Bait. Protein baits attract and poison feeding male and female fruit flies. (2013) also reported that protein supplement following eclosion period led to higher survival and reproductive abilities in the Mediterranean fruit fly, C. capitata Wiedemann and melon fly, B. cucurbitae Coquillett suggesting that provisioning protein-enriched foods extend fruit flies life expectancy and reproduction. (2009, 2010). For fruit, vegetables & ornamentals. Determine the commercial efficacy of the most promising fruit fly insecticide and insecticide-bait-attractant combination identified in objectives 1 and 2. The invention relates to citrus fruit fly protein bait, and a preparation method and a application method thereof. HYM-LURE Protein Bait Fruit Fly Attractant for Queensland and Mediterranean Fruit Flies Active Ingredient: 425 g/L Protein Hydrolysate Directions for use: • Use only with registered pesticides for the control of fruit flies. Female fruit flies need protein for their eggs to mature properly. If the fruit is not left on the ground, the hundreds of eggs that a fruit fly can lay never have a More effective, longer lasting, lower toxicity baits were required for field control in endemic areas and for eradication and suppression programs in fruit fly exclusion areas in southern Australia. Fruit flies need sugar for energy and protein to mature and reproduce. (2005a) , and the effectiveness of male annihilation traps was reported by Vargas et al. Both the male and female adult flies are attracted to the baits while foraging over the leaves for food and are poisoned after feeding on the spray droplets. The bait contains a protein attractant that is laced with insecticide. Bait sprays are highly effective at suppressing the entire fruit fly population, and for this reason are used in sterile insect release and area-wide management programs worldwide. (2003) . Protein bait sprays make use of this need by combining a protein source with an insecticide. The baits are detected by fruit flies over short distances (10-20 ft.) Some of the commercial protein baits are combined with other volatile odors that attract the flies from slightly greater distances. AH00012 - Improved Protein Bait Formulations for Fruit Fly Control This project was initiated to meet a recognized national need for improvements in baiting technology for controlling fruit flies. The olive fruit fly (Bactrocera oleae) is a species of fruit fly, which belongs to the subfamily Dacinae.It is a phytophagous species, whose larvae feed on the fruit of olive trees, hence the common name. Bait spraying is done weekly to attract and kill male and female fruit flies. It is marketed under the name of 'Promar'. An example of such a spray bait insecticide Eco-naturalure or Yates Nature’s Way Fruit Fly Control, which combines the sugar and protein bait which attracts QFF with the insecticide Spinosad, an aerobic fermentation product or metabolite of the soil bacterium, Saccharopolyspora spinosa. Dubbed the Fruit Fly Mania, this protein bait is made from brewer’s yeast was developed through the International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE) research, and is being commercially produced for farmers, by Kenya Biologics. At the beginning of the fruit fly season a cover spray with a product containing pyrethrum or spinosad or a bait spray such as Naturalure will help to reduce fruit fly to more manageable numbers. In Pacific island countries, the protein is either a commercial autolysed yeast product (MPPIL, Mauri's Pinnacle A protein and sugar based bait, Nature's Way Fruit Fly Control works by attracting fruit fly from several metres away and killing them when they ingest the treatment. • Mix Hym-Lure concentrate at the rate of 1.5 litres per 100 litres of water. It needs to be mixed with a toxicant and can then be used to attract and kill adult fruit flies. The cups contain a cotton wick impregnated with cue lure (a powerful male sex attractant) and madison (an insecticide). Bait sprays consist of a liquid food (protein) attractant and an insecticide. GF-120 is an OMRI-listed certified organic protein bait and is available at the free monthly fruit fly classes offered by the Maui Master Gardeners at … nean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). A typical working dilution of the above mentioned protein is 50 ml autolysate plus 950 ml water. Howev-er, protein bait may also attract non-target species and trapping efficacy is usually lower when compared to ME or CUE. On the knapsack (sprayer), add 1 part of the chemical bait for three parts of water, then shake vigorously the mix (Figure 3). Bait recipes. The type of protein bait (Provesta ® 621autolyzed yeast extract, Mazoferm ® E802, GF-120 ® Fruit Fly Bait, or Nu-Lure ® Insect Bait) had a major influ- ence on B. dorsalis and B. cucurbitae attraction and feeding, which was strongest to fresh Provesta, GF-120, and Mazoferm. An integrated approach to fruit fly management is needed which combines bagging of fruit, fruit production during times of low fruit fly populations, the use of less susceptible varieties, hygiene measures, and protein bait sprays. TERRO Fruit Fly Trap T2500; With over 2500 ratings and reviews on Amazon, TERRO Fruit Fly is among the most effective fruit fly traps you will ever buy. This protein bait is recommended for use as part of a ‘systems approach’ which includes Fruit Fly … The tephrditid fruit fly lays its eggs in fresh fruits and vegetables. Determine whether fly contact with baits can be improved by combining protein bait with an attractant odor. Purchase protein bait consisting of a bottle of protein bait and a bottle of insecticide (spinosad 25g/l SC) Mix 200ml of protein bait with 10ml of insecticide to prepare a stock solution Dilute 25ml of stock solution in 975 ml of water to prepare the spray solution and spray on to fruit /cucurbitaceous vegetable plants in the morning, between 7am – 9am Baits are generally sprayed on to the foliage and trunks of trees and plants. However, a mixture of malathion and protein hydrolysate can also be used as a ground application. It is considered a serious pest in the cultivation of olives. MAT cups attract and kill male Queensland fruit flies. The implementation of a bait spraying program for fruit fly control with carambola using the new protein formulation has been very successful, resulting in a … Likewise, the effectiveness of Biolure ® traps against C. capitata was documented by McQuate et al. The fruit falls to the foliage and trunks of trees and plants concentrate the. 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