Common names: Natal wild banana, (E); Natalse wildepiesang (A); isigude, igceba, inkamanga (Z); ikhamanga, isigude, isigceba (X). Birds or bananas–those are lofty names indeed. Sappi Tree Spotting Kwazulu-Natal. As you have previously read in this article, Strelitzia caudata plants are also called ‘’wild bananas’’. Durban. Strelitzia nicolai. The Natal Wild Banana (Strelitzia nicolai) grows up to 12m high and 4m wide. S. nicolai is restricted to evergreen coastal forest and thicket of eastern South Africa from the Great Fish River northwards to Richards Bay. The seeds are black in colour, with a tuft of a bright orange woolly aril on the lobe. Although not related to the true bananas or the wild banana Ensete ventricosum, the leaves and growth habit of Strelitzia nicolai are somewhat similar and probably account for the common names. Cape Town. It can reach 8 m in height and forms dense clumps up to 3 m wide. These banana-like plants with true stems may be low growing or tree-like. The inflorescence is compound (more than one flower). Discover our great prices today. It is an evergreen tree with multi-stems that form dense clumps. Leaf stalks are dried and used to make a rope for building fish kraals and huts. SA Tree No: 34. Strelitzia nicolai, on the other hand, refers to the Wild Banana, aka the Giant White Bird of Paradise. The entire flower can be up to 7.2 inches (18 cm) tall, up to 18 inches (45 cm) long and is typically held just above the … Color: White and bluish Bloom Time: Fall to winter. Strelitzia nicolai. The Natal Wild Banana grows up to 12m high and 4m wide. However, Strelitzia is more closely related to Ravenala, the Madagascar plant known as the Traveler’s Palm. Once planted out this plantis fast growing. Strelitzia nicolai is an erect, evergreen, banana-like plant up to 20 feet (6 m) tall and up to 11 feet (3.3 m) wide, with erect, woody stems. It will live happily in shade or sun. By Geoff Nichols. The Natal wild banana grows mostly in coastal dune vegetation and in evergreen forests near the coast. Strelitzia nicolai is commonly grown both indoors and outdoors as well, in the case of warmer climates. Here I am offering Seeds from Strelitzia nicolai, also known as Giant Bird of Paradise, Natal Strelitzia, Wild Banana, and Wild Strelitzia. Used for rope, seeds are ground into flour and made into patties which are roasted, do not plant near walls. Most Strelitzias are grown in North America, especially in Florida and California. It grows in evergreen forest, gorges, and on slopes along the rivers. Eco-Gardening with Strelitzia nicolai. It is a common feature of the coastal vegetation from East London northwards. This is because the bird of paradise plant has many similar characteristics to banana plants. Uses. [6] In favourable conditions they self-seed freely, and their invasive root systems are best kept away from buildings.[7]. General Size: Small. Strelitzia nicolai; Quantity . It is a common feature of the coastal vegetation from East London northwards. It will grow in semi-shade or full sun and requires a moderate amount of water, composted soil and space to spread. It is an evergreen tree with multi-stems that form dense clumps. Scientific Classification. Login to add your Comment Trees of South Africa. Bird of Paradise White Wild Banana Strelitzia Nicolai Seeds. Floral stalk (inflorescence) unbranching to produce a single 25-30cm purple-red, glaucous spathe. Giant bird of paradise, Wild banana, White bird of paradise, Natal strelitzia , Wild strelitzia . Jackson, W.P. The immature seeds are edible and tasty. An eye catching evergreen that creates a lush tropical effect in a garden. The flowers of this tree have white sepals with blue petals and consist of 5 purplish blue, boat-shape sheaths.The whole flower resembles the head of the bird, with a white crest and purple beak. It received its species name in the 1800s, when two German-Russian botanists named the plant nicolai in honor of the Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaievich, son of Czar Nicholas I of Russia. Multi-stemmed, the tree grows in dense clumps and the long leaves are arranged like a fan at the top of the stems. Plant Type: Tree. Here I am offering Seeds from Strelitzia nicolai, also known as Giant Bird of Paradise, Natal Strelitzia, Wild Banana, and Wild Strelitzia. The root system is aggressive,however, so don't plant it too close to structures and paths. Packet of 10+seeds.. The easiest way to propagate this tree is from root suckers, but it will also grow from seed. Family: Strelitziaceae (Strelitzia or Crane flower family). The other two species, S. reginae and S. Nicolai (wild banana or giant white bird of paradise) are popular ornamental and house plants. Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa 2(1–2): 1–152(pt. Vervet and Samango monkeys feed on the soft part of the flowers as well as on the orange aril of the seeds. Strelitzia nicolai, commonly known as the giant white bird of paradise or wild banana, is a species of banana-like plants with erect woody stems reaching a height of 6 m (20 ft), and the clumps formed can spread as far as 3.5 m (11 ft). Taken in my garden, Sheffield, Ballito, South Africa. Strelitzia Strelitzia. Looking to buy Strelitzia nicolai, Wild Banana? It prefers rich, moist soils with good drainage in full sun to part shade. Briza Publications. White bird of paradise (Strelitzia nicolai) —A stunning example of a tall indoor house plant with white and blue flowers. Strelitzia nicolai (Natal wild banana) looks like a palm with long, banana-shaped leaves, which makes it exceptionally popular for tropical gardens and pool gardens. It is also considered native to Mozambique, Botswana and Zimbabwe, and is reportedly naturalized in eastern Mexico (State of Veracruz).[5]. List of species of southern African plants. Mildly toxic if ingested . Attached to the stem by long, thick leaf stalks are the enormous, opposite leaves that are shiny and grey-green, with blades capable of reaching up to 2m in length. Van Wyk, B and Van Wyk, P. 1997. The entire flower can be as much as 18 cm (7.1 in) high by 45 cm (18 in) long, and is typically held just above the point where the leaf fan emerges from the stem. Strelitzia nicolai, commonly known as the giant white bird of paradise or wild banana, is a species of banana-like plants with erect woody stems reaching a height of 6 m (20 ft), and the clumps formed can spread as far as 3.5 m (11 ft). I got these seeds from a friend of mine and had a germination of 70% after six to eight weeks 2cm deep in nice, loose, moist, sandy soil. It is light to dark grey and marked with old leaf scars. Works well for screening unwanted views or defining boundaries. 2003, "Animal Pigment Bilirubin Discovered in Plants", "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Strelitzia_nicolai&oldid=983097919, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 October 2020, at 06:45. This is a tall, striking foliage plant related to the well-known Crane Flower, Strelitzia reginae. Description. Flower. She was from the house of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Genus. A crown of banana-like leaves atop a palm tree trunk, combined with huge, uniquely beautiful flowers, is deserving of the name, "Bird of Paradise tree." Yes. Perfect for large containers or tropical themed borders. Anyone that has lived or holidayed on the KwaZulu-Natal coast in South Africa has to have noticed this plant. There has been some confusion over which Nicholas the specific epiphet honours, but original description in Garden flora states that the name nicolai is in honour of Grand duke Nikolai Nikolaievich the elder, third son of Czar Nicholas I of Russia, and not for the Czar. It grows in the Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal and up into Mozambique towards Zimbabwe. 1990. It is popular as an indoor plant in the huge office blocks of the city. Although not related to the true bananas or the wild banana Ensete ventricosum, the leaves and growth habit of S. nicolai are somewhat similar and probably account for the common name. 1987. Wild banana; white bird of paradise. The plant tolerates light frost. Johannesburg. Please read text! Strelitzia nicolai is a large evergreen perennial species from the Strelitziaceae family. This is a tall, striking foliage plant related to the well-known crane flower, Strelitzia reginae. Jacana Publishers. rare in cultivation, trunks to 6m, rarely clumping, shy or intermittently flowering in the spring once mature. They occur on sand dunes and in coastal forests and are so common that they are characteristic of our east coast beach areas. The inflorescence is composed of a dark blue bract, white sepals, and a bluish-purple "tongue". The leaves are grey-green up to 6 feet (1.8 m) long and arranged like a fan at the top of the stems. Grant, R and Thomas, V. 1998. Strelitzia nicolai Regel & Koern. Strelitzia in USA. Finally, Caesalpinia pulcherrima and Erythrostemon gilliesii belong to the pea family Fabaceae, while Strelitzia is a member of the birds-of-paradise plants family, Strelitziaceae. Natal flora Publication. [2][3], Strelitzia nicolai is among the few plants which have been verified to contain the pigment bilirubin, which is usually found in animals. Pet/baby safe. Propagation is via division of clumps, offsets and from seed. The flowers provides nectar that attracts sunbirds, especially Olive Sunbirdsand Grey Sunbirds. Cape Town. A narrow, upright growing plant with banana tree type leaves and sleek white blooms. Trees of Natal. It can be used to offset hard landscaping, buildings and pools etc. We have Strelitzia nicolai, Wild Banana available to buy from our online store. Origins and Meanings of Names of South Africa. It needs a … Mountain strelitzia (Strelitzia caudata) —Also called the “wild banana,” grows outdoor and has white, spiky flowers. Common names: Natal Wild Banana, Coastal Strelitzia, White bird of paradise, Natalse wildepiesang, Natal Mock Banana. This is a tall, striking foliage plant related to the well-known Crane Flower, Strelitzia reginae. The Natal wild banana is evergreen and creates a lush, tropical effect in the garden. Evergreen Full sun Semi frost tolerant Medium water requirements Fast grower Attracts birds Attracts insects. leaf stem (petiole) to 1m, leaf blade to 60cm wide by 2m long. Common names: Natal wild banana, (E); Natalse wildepiesang (A); isigude, igceba, inkamanga (Z); ikhamanga, isigude, isigceba (X). Pooley, E 1993. Flowering time: Spring. Natal Wild Banana. Strelitzia alba is the rarest of the three large banana-like Strelitzia species occurring in southern Africa which are separated by flower characteristics and distribution. The inflorescence is composed of a dark blue bract, white sepals and a bluish-purple "tongue". It produces showy foliage and flowers which resemble birds, hence the common name Giant Bird Of Paradise. Cover with a thin layer of compost and keep moist. Strelitzia alba also known as white-flowered wild banana, or Cape wild banana is a plant of the Bird of Paradise family and is endemic to the Garden Route along the southernmost coastal regions of the district of Humansdorp Eastern and district of Knysna in Western Cape in South Africa. This great big ornamental tree is a real beauty. Flowers are followed by triangular seed capsules. A large tropical plant with long, arching leaves. The Natal wild banana is fairly drought tolerant, but it does not tolerate severe frost, so plant it in a protected spot inland. For example, the banana leaves have a similar shape to the bird of paradise leaves. The stem is woody and smooth in texture. Wild Banana | Strelitzia Nicolai R 189.95 Shipping calculated at checkout. It is light to dark grey and marked with old leaf scars. These tear in the wind and come to resemble giant feathers. 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