Location and Geography The Ohlone Indians, named Costanoan by early Spanish colonists, are a linguistic family who lived on the coast of central ... Santa Cruz, Santa Clara, San José, and Dolores (San Francisco). Indian Chief Sugert and his family became members of the mission. with Mexicans or Europeans, or else came together in impoverished, low-profile Though the world of the Ohlone has changed dramatically, it Photo of Ohlone Indian remains that were found buried at an Aptos residence. The Ohlone people lived in Northern California from the northern tip of the San Francisco Peninsula down to northern region of Big Sur, and from the Pacific Ocean in the west to the Diablo Range in the east. This Ohlone basket was gifted by Robert Knapp, an heir to the Lewis estate, in 1945 to the Museum, where it has been on display or on loan at various points throughout its history. Spirits of the Awaswas tribe have been heard and sighted throughout Santa Cruz County. Another date, September 25, 1791 is also found in historical references, but Father Lasuen wasn’t able to attend the September dedication. Long before European-style towns sprang up along the coastal plains and valleys of the Santa Cruz Mountains, another people lived here. techniques. Visit Santa Cruz County works to enhance tourism, the visitor experience, and the area economy by positioning and promoting Santa Cruz County as a year-around visitor, conference and film destination. >>Learn More. Though villages were home base, people traveled to the hills and mountains to gather the all-important acorns each fall and to harvest grass and wildflower seeds in the spring. ISBN 0-87919-141-4. >>Learn More Tribal News/Events 1834, blended into the dominant culture to avoid discrimination, intermarrying The Ohlone inhabited fixed village locations, moving temporarily to gather seasonal foodstuffs like acorns and berries. The Ohlones were attacked by another tribe and many lives were taken. The local tribe, known as the Awaswas, was known to live throughout Santa Cruz County and spoke a variety of different languages. The Ohlone Indians, named Costanoan by early Spanish colonists, are a linguistic family who lived on the coast of central ... Santa Cruz, Santa Clara, San José, and Dolores (San Francisco). During A Santa Cruz resident, Lewis was the son of Patty Reed Lewis, a survivor of the infamous Donner Party. their free time Ohlone of both genders played betting games, adorned themselves The river curse seems to have extended its reach to successive waves of settlers, beginning with the founders of Santa Cruz, whose decision to build smack-bang in the middle of the river's flood plain was reportedly a source of much merriment to the local Indians, who knew the river's rhythms well. The people who hid darkness in their souls and passed by the area would get tangled in the mystical spider’s web and be trapped for all eternity. belong, is slowly reestablishing a presence in its ancestral homeland. (For more Bigfoot stories, see the ‘Creature Feature’ page on this website.). women filled a specially woven watertight basket with water and meal and Students learn about the culture of the original human inhabitants of Santa Cruz. Rumor has it that the Ohlones were attacked by another tribe, and many lives were taken. Spirits of the Awaswas tribe have been heard and sighted throughout Santa Cruz County. How the first inhabitants of northern Monterey Bay lived, and how their descendants are keeping tradition alive. native speaker died in 1935. There were other harvests to attend to as well: hazelnuts, blackberries, gooseberries and huckleberries in summer, salmon runs and shellfish in the winter, the occasional windfall of a beached whale, and year-round hunting of waterfowl, rabbit and deer. Banded together in “tribelets” of several hundred people, their names ring familiar today: the Aptos of the southern Santa Cruz County coast; the Sokel of the inland valley now known as Soquel; the Sayanta of the San Lorenzo Valley, later called Rancho Zayante; the Cotoni (cho-toni) of Davenport, gateway to the Cotoni-Coast Dairies National Monument. On Highway 17, as well as on Lee Road in Watsonville, the spirit of an old Indian man has been sighted traveling on foot. land, has made an agreement with the Amah Mutsun to allow them access to the Unfortunately, the majority of the tales were lost over time, and only a few remain, such as the story of the Sycamore Grove Spider or the "Chuntana" (Bigfoot) legends. When they weren’t gathering food or cooking, Ohlone women wove >>Learn More. 2021 Copyright © Visit Santa Cruz County. The ancestors of the Ramaytush Ohlone have direct ties to all Bay Area Missions--Mission San Rafael, Mission San Francisco Solano, Mission San Jose, Mission Santa Clara, and Mission Dolores. The Native Americans lived through many hardships, and dealt with enemies from time to time. The group of Native Americans generally defined as Ohlone inhabited most of the San Francisco Bay Area down to Monterey, excluding the North Bay, although recent opinion argues that people of Monterey/Mission Carmel (Rumsen) and San Jaun Bautista/Santa Cruz (Amah Mutsun) are politically distinctive enough to be differentiated from Ohlone. the missions, and enormous numbers of them perished from European diseases like Another legend, or more so - "tall tale", is that long ago, a tragic event took place near River Street and Mission, and the residual energy from the massacre still lingers. The homeland of the Muwekma Ohlone Tribe includes the following counties: San Francisco, San Mateo, most of Santa Clara, Alameda, Contra Costa, and portions of Napa, Santa Cruz, Solano, and San Joaquin. They lost their traditions and lifeways at Ghosts of the Indians have been seen by commuters along scenic roads during the hours of darkness. The tender young shoots attracted deer, another food source, and the regular burns kept the dense, highly flammable chaparral from taking over the meadows and posing fire danger. Their population ranged from 10,000-20,000, but dropped dramatically in the 1800’s by the introduction of new diseases brought on by the missionaries and explorers. Visit Santa Cruz County works to enhance tourism, the visitor experience, and the area economy by positioning and promoting Santa Cruz County as a … Click this text to start editing. 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